Most Popular Controversial Cases in India!
Thousands of cases are registered everyday in the courts of India. While many of these do not see the light of the day, there are some cases that were controversial and which were covered by the media on a large scale. Some of these cases are:
M NANAVATI VS STATE OF MAHARASHTRA
K. M. Nanavati case is one of the high-profile cases in the history of Indian judiciary. Nanavati, a naval officer, who was trailed under section 302 and 304 part I of Indian penal code (IPC) for alleged murder of his wife’s paramour. A jury trial was initiated to decide the judge whether it was a crime amounting to imprisonment to which Nanavati pleaded not guilty. The jury favored Nanavati. However Bombay high court dismissed the acquittal by trail jury and convicted him to life imprisonment under section 302 of IPC and for culpable homicide.
INDIRA NEHRU GANDHI VS RAJ NARAYANA
This case was filed by the opposition candidate Raj Narayan because (the P.M) Indira Gandhi was involved in electoral malpractices and declared emergency after being asked to step down from her seat by Allahabad high court. In this case, 39th amendment declared, any election results can be called into question before the court of law. But the court held that free and trail election is a part of basic structure doctrine and any election conducted free and fair cannot be questioned. Thus 39th amendment of the constitution is invalid.
VISHAKA VS STATE OF RAJASTHAN
Vishaka vs state of Rajasthan is a landmark judgement in Indian judiciary. A PIL (public interest litigation) was filed against state of Rajasthan. The petition was filed after Bhanwari Devi, social activist in Rajasthan was gang raped for stopping a child marriage.It was filed to enforce fundamental rights for working women under article 14, 19 and 21 of the constitution. The judgement provided basic definition of sexual harassment at workplace and provided guidelines to deal with it which now protect women in workplace.
NIRBHAYA CASE (DELHI GANGRAPE CASE 2012)
Nirbhaya’s case revolves around the gang rape and assault which occurred on 16 December 2012 in South Delhi. The victim was brutally gang raped and tortured in a private bus by 5 men. Due to the huge impact of this case, the criminal law amendment act, 2013 was introduced which provided the procedure to amend the definition of Rape under IPC 1860, Crpc 1973, Indian Evidence act, 1872 and Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012. Four out of five were accused and given death sentence by hanging.
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